Session 1: Main mechanisms and presentations of water and electrolyte disorders
10 Steps
Maximum: 1 CME cr.
4 new discussion posts (37 published)
Sign in to view your progression
Program Overview

Phone/iPad: Click to download the ISN Academy® iOS App
Android devices: Click to download the ISN Academy® Android App 
(See the System requirements section below for more information)


Session 1: Main mechanisms and presentations of hydroelectrolytic disorders​

 Activity overview/background

The diagnostic investigations and the management of metabolic disorders and acute kidney injury are continuously improving. Both pathophysiological and clinical data will be presented, and clinical cases will be discussed about: - the regulation of renal hemodynamics, GFR and of tubular functions in normal and pathological conditions encountered in ICU - AKI related to “acute tubular necrosis”: pathophysiology, clinical aspects and non dialytic treatments - Various acute kidney diseases: rapidly progressive GN, vasculitis, interstitial nephritis - the renal replacement therapy in AKI.

Estimated time to complete activity 

1.5 hours (7 modules of approximately 15 minutes, and the pre and post-tests).

Target Audience 

  • Medical students and primary care trainees
  • Nephrology trainees
  • Nephrologists in Practice

Learning Objectives 

  • pathophysiology of acute disorders of the kidney
  • water and electrolyte disorders in ICU
  • acute kidney injury
  • glomerular, vascular or interstitial acute kidney diseases
  • renal replacement therapy for AKI patients



Components of the activity and Method of Participation

The accredited activity contains the following modules to be completed:

- Video Presentations

- Case presentation

- Post quizzes

- Post-test
If you choose to complete this session in accredited mode, you will be prompted to complete all the components of the module before completing a final post-test. You can complete each component in several sittings.

You must obtain a minimum score of 70% in the post-test in order to complete the activity and claim a certificate of completion.


Any inquiries, contact 



- Internet-enabled device
- A recent web browser (cookies and javascript enabled)
- Operating system: MacOS/Windows

If you experience any technical difficulties in completing these activities, please contact the Technical Support team via email at:

Physiology of the renal tubule
Severe hyponatremia and hypernatremia
Severe hyperkalemia and hypokalemia
Severe metabolic acidosis
Severe hypercalcemia
Hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesemia
Clinical Case: hyponatremia
Clinical Case: hyperkalemia
Post-test and Certificate

By clicking “Accept Terms & all Cookies” or by continuing to browse, you agree to the storing of third-party cookies on your device to enhance your user experience and agree to the user terms and conditions of this learning management system (LMS).

Cookie Settings
Accept Terms & all Cookies